Elm tree, one of Korea’s four major anticancer herbs along with Hagoseo, Ggipbong, and Wasong, is widely used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer treatment in oriental medicine, and is listed in the Korea Pharmaceutical Affairs and Drug Safety (KHP). The current Korean name elm tree is based on the Joseon Botanical Hyangmyeong Collection (Joseon Museum Research Association, Jeong Tae-hyun et al. 3, 1937) written in Japanese colonial era. Elm is said to be the name derived from the word Neulhi, which stretches without strength.
▲ Natural Monument No. 272 Elm Tree of the Dang Forest in Galjeon-ri, Samcheok
an elm tree
a deciduous broad-leaved tree of the genus Elmaceae
The scientific name Ulmus davidiana Planch. ex DC. var. japonica (Rehder) Nakai
The genus Ulmus is derived from the old Latin name, and the Celtic name for this plant, Elm, is an etymology, which refers to the genus Elmidae. The species name davidiana comes from A. David, a Chinese plant collector and missionary. The variant name japonica means ‘of Japan’.
Elm tree characteristics
It is a tall deciduous tree that grows near valleys across the country. It is 15–25 m high and has a dark gray stem bark.
Cork often develops on young branches.
The leaves are oval or furrow-shaped, 3-10 cm long and 2-6 cm wide, with overlapping teeth at the edges. There are 12-18 pairs of side leaves. The front of the leaf is green, and the back is light green.
Flowers bloom before the leaves in April-May, and flower stalks are very short.
The fruit ripens from May to June, is 1.0-1.5 cm long, and has wings.
Elm bark efficacy
Elm tree is a medicinal material that is waterlogged in the Korea Pharmaceutical Products (KHP), a pharmaceutical process by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, and is waterlogged in the tree part of Donguibogam Tangsuyuk and the tree part of the medicine combination.
The young shoots that come up in the spring of elm trees sometimes boil and eat soup, and it is also called a natural sleeping pill with no side effects. The elm bark is called “yupi,” and the elm root bark is called “yupi,” and is used as a medicinal material.
The elm bark contains phytosterols such as starch, mucus, tannin, and stigmasterol, and contains 22.3% cellulose, 10.56% hemicellulose, 25.17% lignin, 8.0% pectin, and 7.75%.
Elm trees have a very strong effect of sucking pus and raising new flesh, so they are useful for abscesses and swelling. Drugs that work well for swelling can usually be used as a cure for cancer.
The essence of elm bark is effective in skin inflammation because it has a good sterilization effect and is effective in inflammatory diseases, helps improve rhinitis or sinusitis, and has an excellent calming effect that stabilizes nerves when drunk with warm tea, helping relieve stress and eliminate insomnia.
The elm bark has excellent diuretic effect and facilitates the discharge of waste from the body. In addition, it is effective in treating various ulcers because it protects the stomach and relieves inflammation.
Donguibogam Sweet and Sour Piece
[원문] 楡皮 느릅나모겁질 性平 味甘 無毒 性滑利 主大小便不通 利水道 除腸胃邪熱 消浮腫 利五淋 治不眠 療齁 ○生山中 處處有之 二月採根皮取白 暴乾 三月採實作醬 食甚香美 [本草]
[Voiceover] The bark of the pea elm is normal in nature, sweet in taste, and non-poisonous. It is mainly used to prevent urine from coming out due to its slippery nature. It helps urinate well, and only me in the stomach and large intestine relieves the swelling by removing the energy in the middle of the fever. It makes the duckling work well and treats insomnia and snoring. It is located all over ○ Mountain, and it is used by digging roots in February of the lunar calendar, peeling off only the inner skin, and drying it in the sun. It is very fragrant and delicious when you eat the fruit in March and make soy sauce[Original foundation]
● Herbal medicine and medicinal properties: The taste is sweet and the properties are slightly bitter.
● Herbal area of action (earthoscope): The elm bark milky skin mainly affects lung, spleen, and bladder diseases.
● the efficacy of herbal medicine
– Isu Tonglim (통止血 소): Urine well and urination disorder is resolved.
– Gossip: Remove the wall.
– Sojong detoxification: It subsides and decodes abscesses.
● an explanation of medicinal properties
– It is used for symptoms that make it difficult to sleep.
– It is effective for a disease that does not urinate well.
– It treats the swelling of the body.
– It is used for skin diseases where the skin swells red.
a medicinal method
Put 9 to 15g of elm bark in 800ml of water, boil it, divide it in half, drink it in the morning and evening, or make powder and take it. When external application, crush an appropriate amount or powder it and attach it to the affected area.
Proving the effect of preventing elm bark and inflammatory bowel disease
POSTECH-Kyung Hee University Joint Research Team 2013.11.01
POSTECH and Kyunghee University’s joint research team also investigated the immune control function of the small intestine of Hosan-gu
A joint research team at POSTECH-Kyunghee University published a study that revealed the immunological mechanism of elm bark (Chinese medicine: milky skin), which was used to relieve gastrointestinal inflammation in oriental medicine, to prevent inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease.
Professor Jang Myung-ho and Kim Yu-mi of POSTECH’s Convergence Biotechnology Department, Ahn Kyu-seok and Lee Han-sung of Kyung Hee University, and Jang Young-pyo of Kyung Hee University’s Pharmaceutical University confirmed that the bark of elm trees in Korea increases eosinophils in the small intestine and contributes to maintaining immune homeostasis.
The results of the study were published in the October 7 issue of “PLoS ONE,” an international online journal published by the U.S. Public Science Library.